Cannabis plants contain 60+, naturally occurring, active compounds called cannabinoids. Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of these compounds found in all cannabis plants.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most well-known cannabinoid and is associated with marijuana’s psychoactive properties. Unlike THC, CBD does not cause a “high” effect and can offer relief and benefits withqut the disconcerting feelings of lethargy or dysphoria. Cannabis plants are separated into two different types of crops known as hemp and marijuana These two plants differ in their cannabinoid ratios, but come from the same plant species Ca Sativa L. Both hemp and marijuana can be used to produce cannabidiol products.
Ancient civilizations discovered and identified the differences between hemp and marijuana and began using cannabidiol for various purposes. Next, we will dive into the history of hemp and CBD.
Archaeologists believe the plant species “Cannabis Sativa, “Dates back 10,000 years ago and was likely one of the first crops planted by early man. Hemp was first found in whats is known today as Taiwan where farmers used hemp seeds to condition their soil. These people also identified that hemp seeds have high levels of protein, vitamins, and essential Fatty amino acids. During this period, hemp seeds were used so frequently that they became essential to human civilization.
Around 6,000 B. C. Hemp was published in the oldest pharmacopeia “Pen Ts’ao Ching” where the ancient Chinese identified that cannabis plants contain either male or female reproductive properties.
This discovery was the first understanding of difference between “hemp” and “marijuana.” Hemp plants, grown for industrial purposes, were tall and thin and cut before flowering producing seeds and long stalks. These plants were considered to have male reproductive properties whereas, marijuana plants were recognized as female, grown for more extended periods of time and would eventually sprout a flower.